Basic Combat Training - Week 2 Pre-Study

These are the basic combat formations you will use in the field with your squad. Study them and learn where the three groups are supposed to be positioned. You must take into account that set formations will not always work in all situations.

Squad Structure

The Structure of a Rifle Squad in the Airborne

Our Squads are made up of 3 teams. Able, Responsible for Security. Baker, Base of Fire. Charley, The maneuvering team.

  • Able
    • 1 - Squad Leader
    • 2 - Scout
    • 3 - Scout
  • Baker
    • 4 - Machine Gunner
    • 5 - Assistant Gunner
    • 6 - Ammo Bearer
  • Charley
    • 7 - Rifleman
    • 8 - Rifleman
    • 9 - Rifleman
    • 10 - Rifleman
    • 11 - Rifleman
    • 12 - Assistant Squad leader
  • Wedge (Heavy Left)

    The wedge provides a good security to both front and flanks. It allows the squad to react to contact and get into position for bounding quickly.



    Wedge (Heavy Right)

    The wedge provides a good security to both front and flanks. It allows the squad to react to contact and get into position for bounding quickly.



    Skirmish Line (Left)

    The line is set up just like the wedge, except the firepower and focus is all in the direction the squad is facing. This is best used when the threat level is high and your flanks are covered. Note that the formation is staggered to avoid enfilading fire.



    Skirmish Line (Right)

    The line is set up just like the wedge, except the firepower and focus is all in the direction the squad is facing. This is best used when the threat level is high and your flanks are covered. Note that the formation is staggered to avoid enfilading fire.



    Opened Column

    The column is a travelling formation. The opened column is best used along roads, paths, trails, and valleys.



    Closed Column

    Able up front makes sure the squad won't run in to anything unexpected. Note that the formation is staggered to avoid enfilading fire.



    Diamond

    The diamond allows for maximum security in all direction. It is used as an alternative to the wedge for squads working on their own.



    All Round Defense - ARD

    The ARD is used for security on long halts or occupying ORPs. The Squad Leader will reposition Baker in the direction most likely to come under contact if needed.